Tehran, the capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran is one of the largest metropolitans of the world, and it is the country's largest economic center and the base for its large and small modern technological and industrial establishments. Located on the slopes of the mountains and at the foot of the magnificent Mount Damavand, it has been the country's capital city for over 200 years now. Nearly 14 Million people live in Tehran in contrast to two hundred thousand in 1920. A modern, in many ways cosmopolitan city, the best thing about Tehran is that it defies, and quickly dispels, the common negative stereotypes about Iran in the west.
The architecture of the city compared to other Iranian cities is not very attractive. Tehran has over grown in the past because of the mass immigration from rural areas. Great part of the city has a rather modern and industrialised look and feel. There are only a few monuments as Grand Bazaar and Golestan Palace which remind of the classical architecture of the city. In the northern part of the town you find the residential district with bigger houses, villas and gardens.
Tehran is the centre of most Iranian industries including automotive, electrical, military, weaponry, textiles, sugar, cement, and chemical. Tehran is also a leading centre for the sale of carpets and furniture. There is an oil refinery located south of the city. The official and most popular language in Tehran is Persian (in Persian it is called Farsi or Parsi). A lot of people, mostly the younger ones speak and write English fluently.
Tehran is pleasant, it derives its originality from its dry climate, always cool in the evening, the nearness of the mountains, its numerous parks and gardens where flowers blossom throughout the year, the alleys of trees in the avenues or even smaller streets, the water which runs down from the upper city along deep and wide gutters which look like small rivers during spring. Three factors play an effective role in the climate of Tehran: Alborz mountains, the western humid currents, and the latitude. As a matter of fact, Alborz mountains make the weather in Tehran moderate. In northern Tehran, the weather is moderate and mountainous, and in plains it is semi-arid. A major part of precipitation takes place in winter.Average annual rainfall stands at 200 millimeters. The cold season usually begins in December, but in the mountainous regions, it begins earlier. The cold season lasts 3 or 4 months. In mid-March, the weather grows warm. In late April, the weather begins to grow warm at a faster pace, so that in mid-May, it is rather hot.
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