Rio De Janeiro
Rio is the second largest city in Brazil and the state capital of Rio de Janeiro. The city is best known for its beaches, carnivals, football, music and its well preserved tropical forests. Brasilia became the capital in 1960 when Brazil achieved independence. Tourists mainly get attracted to Rio not just because of it musical diversity and beaches but also because of its flora and fauna.
The world’s two largest forests are in Rio, surrounded by the most amazing beaches and mountains forming the most breathtaking landscapes. Recently, the statue of Christ Redeemer was amongst the Seven Wonders of the World. Rio also boasts some of the world's largest football stadiums and as soccer is Brazil’s national sport, wherever there is an open space you will constantly see children and youngsters playing their favourite game. Rio is also well known for its vibrant night life, housing some of the best clubs and bars in the city. Two of the best beaches on earth, Ipanema and Copacabana, are in Rio and the white sands and blue waters draw a lot of attention from surfers, water sports lovers and other tourists who just want to just enjoy a pleasant sun bathe.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the most spectacular cities on the planet. One of the best ways to appreciate the setting is by going up Sugar Loaf Mountain (Pao de Acucar), where you'll get a fantastic 360 degree view of Rio and Guanabara Bay. Across the Bay, you will see the Rio-Niteroi bridge (13,9 km long). Cariocas (Rio natives) disagree on which point gives the most wonderful view: Pao de Acucar (Sugar Loaf) or Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer), elected one of the "New 7 Wonders of the World". It is well worth experiencing both and deciding afterwards which view is better. Notice how the natural harbour is surrounded by lush, high mountains that meet the sea in the world-famous beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema.
The carnivals of Brazil are the most awaited among visitors, the dancing, music and enjoyment that comes along with the festivities makes a worthy stay. 'Carnaval' and 'Reveillon' - New Year's Eve, are renowned to be the most spectacular festivals in the world. There is usually any excuse for a party in Rio, whether it is for a weekend Samba party, random music jams in the streets, or festivities at soccer matches, there is always a time and a place to join a celebration in this colourful city.
The language spoken in Brazil is Portuguese. English is the predominant foreign language taught in schools, and Spanish, if spoken slowly, is understood by a good percentage of the population. Rio de Janeiro has more than 200 locations for movies, theater, musical and artistic exhibitions, 82 museums and 76 libraries.
Rio de Janeiro is a tropical city. Summer runs from December through March with temperatures ranging from 25º C (77º F) to 42º C (108º F) while winter runs from June through August when temperatures can drop to around 20º C (68º F) in the day and a cool 16º C (60º F) at night.
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