Kenya's capital city, Nairobi is biggest, charming, cosmopolitan city, blessed with the most wildlife in the world, making it a great safari destination. Known as the 'Green City in the Sun'. Nairobi, is a bustling, jostling, lively, energetic and sometimes deeply frustrating place. It is one of the youngest cities in East Africa, gaining prominence in Kenya only after the advent of the railway. The city got its name from a Maasai phrase Enkare Nyorobi meaning "the place of cool waters". The province of Nairobi is located on the Nairobi River in the south of the country. Furthermore, it is the most populated city in East Africa, and the fourth largest city in Africa.
Nairobi has large communities within its boundaries including Kibera, to the southwest, which is a slum area to the downtown core with its modern skyscrapers. The nightlife provides a favorable music scene, international restaurants and an endless array of shops and markets. The River Road area, one block east of the city center, is the most interesting for visitors to mingle with local residents and shop. Nairobi is a commercial city, and a visit to see life taking place in the business district is a must. The city's buildings seem very Westernised, with skyscrapers and a range of corporate names emblazoned on restaurants and cafés. But the life that takes place in these surroundings is anything but. Spend some time shopping for souvenirs and you'll soon encounter a typical African culture.
Nairobi is the main commercial center of Kenya. It has got a well-developed infrastructure with modern equipments and systems. The Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE) is one of the Africa's largest stock exchanges and is officially recognized as an overseas stock exchange by the London Stock Exchange. NSE ranks fourth in Africa in terms of trading volumes and fifth in terms of Market Capitalization. Nairobi is a home for most of the international companies and organizations along with the United Nations Habitat headquarters and the UNEP.
The city's textiles, clothing, building materials, foods and beverages industries also help in building up its economy. Agriculture also has a hand in the growing economy of the city. The main agricultural land surrounds the city. Maize, cassava, sorghum, beans and fruit are the main food crops grown here. Coffee is also grown but on a small scale. Flower exports forms the main source of foreign exchange. Nairobi is also a famous tourist destination and the main transport center.
Nairobi experiences a moderate climate with sunny summers and cool winters. The city is pretty warm in between December and March, while in June and July the temperatures drop down leading towards chilled evenings. Rainfall is moderate. The drizzles are enjoyed in between late summer and autumn. Nairobi has a Subtropical highland climate. The altitude makes for some chilly evenings, especially in the June/July season when the temperature can drop to 10 °C (50 °F). The sunniest and warmest part of the year are from December to March, when temperatures average the mid-twenties during the day. The mean maximum temperature for this period is 24 °C (75 °F). There are two rainy seasons but rainfall can be moderate. The cloudiest part of the year is just after the first rainy season, when, until September, conditions are usually overcast with drizzle. As Nairobi is situated close to the equator, the differences between the seasons are minimal.
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