Nagpur popularly known, as Orange capital of India is also the second capital of Maharashtra. The Gond King of Deogad, “Bakht Buland Shah” laid the city’s foundation in the year 1702. This city derived its name from the river Nag that flows through it. Nagpur was the capital of Madhya Bharat state (C.P. and Berar) after Indian independence and in 1960, the Marathi majority Vidarbha region was merged with the new state of Maharashtra. The Nagpur Municipal Corporation is an important part of Nagpur administration. The total population of the city of Nagpur according to 2001 census report is 2.5 million. The main languages spoken here are Hindi and Marathi. Since the city of Nagpur is a cosmopolitan city, people of various religious beliefs reside in harmony in this place. The various religious communities of Nagpur are Hindus, Muslims, Jains, Christians, Parsis.
The city of Nagpur has a well-built infrastructure. The Nagpur infrastructure will be further enhanced with the establishment of two Information Technology parks in the city. It is well linked by all the major means of transport, that is, airways, roadways and railways. The transport communication of the city of Nagpur makes it easily accessible from the rest of the country. The Nagpur airport or the Doctor Ambedkar International Airport operates both domestic as well as international flights. The two important roads in the city are the National Highway number 6 and the National Highway number 7. The railway station of Nagpur links up the city with many other major places of India. The Nagpur railway station is a railway junction situated on the railway lines of the south-eastern and the central parts of India.
Nagpur has been the main center of commerce in the Vidarbha region since early days and is an important trading location. However, Nagpur's economic importance had gradually declined relative to Mumbai and Pune after the merging of Vidarbha into the Maharashtra because of a period of neglect by the state government. During the slowdown, state and central government offices were a major source of employment in the city.
The city of Nagpur enjoys a very dry or semi-humid climate throughout the year excepting the monsoon months of June and September. The climate of Nagpur can be broadly divided into three important seasons of summer, winter and monsoon. The Nagpur climate witnesses a very hot weather during the months of summer. It reaches the pinnacle in the month of May. Dry winds blow making the climate scorching. Almost throughout the summer, the temperature remains beyond 40 degree Celsius. Sometimes it may be as high as 48 degree Celsius. Monsoons take its charge in the month of June. It showers maximum in the months of July and August. It is always advisable to carry an umbrella during the rainy season of Nagpur. The rain in Nagpur is heavily dominated by the south-westerly monsoon winds. However the winters at Nagpur are spine chilling. The temperature hovers around 12 degree Celsius and sometimes even dips down below that level. Light woolen clothes are advisable during winter in Nagpur.
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