Johannesburg is the capital of Gauteng Provence. This is the wealthiest province in South Africa. Its the largest city in the country; and is endearingly known to locals as Joburg, Jozi or Egoli (place of Gold). It was founded in 1886 and it is the financial capital of South Africa. Flying into the city you will land in the Johannesburg International Airport, which is South Africa's largest and busiest airport. Over 13 million people make this city their home. With 10 million trees across the city landscape it is the largest urban forest in the world.
Johannesburg lies on the southern slopes of the Witwatersrand, in the Transvaal, which is the northeastern region of South Africa. It is thirty miles south-southwest of Pretoria. A mining town founded in 1886 when gold was discovered on a white-settlers farm - Johannesburg became the hub of South African gold mining through World War II, and an important industrial, as well as financial centre thereafter.
Johannesburg represents the spirit of South Africa, and in some ways a visit to the country is not complete without an introduction to the city. Johannesburg is the largest city in the world not situated on a lake, navigable river or by the coast (the only reason that it was born was because of gold). It is home to Africa's tallest building, the Carlton Centre.
Johannesburg is an African city of note. Johannesburg is characterised by contradiction and an apparent seamless combination of irreconcilable differences. Johannesburg is a booming, happening city and the emphasis is on making money - whether in business or on the streets - and has been since its beginnings when the world's richest gold fields were discovered in Johannesburg during the 1880s. Johannesburg is South Africa's largest and most vibrant city. It offers the tourist a lot to choose from including recreational facilities, historical sites, nature escapes, botanical gardens, mountain trails, and vibrant wildlife.
Johannesburg enjoys a very favourable climate, dry and sunny all year round. Between October and April the city experiences heavy afternoon thunderstorms with downpours of rain that disappear as quickly as they arrive. Winter days are only slightly cooler than the pleasant summer average temperatures, but it can become frosty on winter nights.
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