Jakarta, the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia, is a special territory enjoying the status of a province, consisting of Greater Jakarta, covering an area of 637.44 square km. Located on the northern coast of West Java, it is the center of government, commerce and industry and as such has an extensive communications network with the rest of the country and the outside world. As Indonesia's main gateway, the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport serves a growing number of international airlines and domestic flights. Jakarta is a city of contrasts; the traditional and the modern, the rich and the poor, the sacral and the worldly, often stand side by side in this bustling metropolis. Even its population, gathered from all those diverse ethnic and cultural groups which compose Indonesia, are constantly juxtaposed as an ever- present reminder of the national motto; Unity in Diversity.
Jakarta as the metropolitan which occupied more than 9 million people population, which are exhibit incredible in a unique diversity of tribes, language, culture and traditions. As the nation capital, Jakarta is truly a “Melting Pot” of representatives from throughout the archipelago. Jakarta has extraordinarily developed and would be at the tourism forefront in Asia over the next few decades. Amusement park, skyscrapers forest, high fashion shopping center, finest culinary dining, nightlife and entertainment place, luxurious housing, hotels and apartment, research institutions, well education facilities and cultural organizations certainly made Jakarta as the one of the demanding tourism city. The Capital City is the prominent gateway to the rest of Indonesia. From Jakarta, sophisticated land, air and sea transport is available to the rest of the country.
The ethnic Jakartan called "Orang Betawi" speaks Betawi Malay, spoken as well in the surrounding towns such as Bekasi and Tangerang. This language has two variations: the conventional Betawi Malay and the modern Jakarta Malay. While the first is spoken by the elder people, born and bred in Jakarta, the second is spoken by the younger generation and migrants.
The old Portuguese Church and warehouse have been rehabilitated into living museums. The old Supreme Court building is now a museum of fine arts which also houses part of the excellent Chinese porcelain collection of former Vice President Adam Malik. The old Town Hall has become the Jakarta Museum, displaying such rare items as Indonesia's old historical documents and Dutch period furniture. Its tower clock was once returned to England to be repaired under its lifetime guarantee, which up to now has already lasted hundreds of years.
One of the most interesting tourist attractions is the "Beautiful Indonesia in Miniature Park" popularly called "Taman Mini". Built to portray the variety of cultures found within the many islands contained in the Republic of Indonesia, this open-air museum comprises the many architectural forms of arts and traditions of all 27 provinces. Skyscrapers in the center of the city are part of a new look.
Lying near the equator, year – round with hot and humid climate. The long rainy season falls between late October and early May though rain occurs throughout the year, averaging 1,791mm. It rains on only a handful of days during the dry season from July to September. Afternoon humidity averages around 70%, temperatures are fairly even throughout the year, averaging nearly 340C maximum and 250C minimums. Jakarta gets a steady supply of 12 hours daylight throughout the year.
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